10 ways to look after your cat in the cold weather

Posted by Trixie. December 1st 2017. Tagged: Pet health and Winter pet care

It’s important to take additional steps to look after your cat in the cold weather. Cats can still become unwell when exposed to extreme weather, even though they are well adapted to the cold.

Close up of a healthy grey and white cat

Here are ten tips for looking after your cat in the cold weather:

1. Check your cat for frostbite and hypothermia

When the temperature drops below 0⁰C, your cat may be at risk of frostbite and hypothermia if they spend prolonged periods outside. Unchecked, hypothermia can lead to serious consequences, so make sure they’re in good physical condition during winter. Hypothermia and frostbite are two different conditions, but they can often coincide with each other.

Frostbite is a condition where damage is caused to the skin and other tissues, caused by extreme cold. Frostbite is always a serious condition, and symptoms can include:

  • Constant shivering
  • Pain and swelling
  • Brittle skin or skin ulcers
  • Blisters on paws
  • Dead or black skin

Hypothermia is a below normal body temperature and can be mild or severe. Symptoms of hypothermia can include:

  • Shallow breathing
  • Decreased rectal temperature
  • Stiffened muscles
  • Cold feet and ears
  • Fatigue
  • Dilated pupils

First aid measures for hypothermia can include gradual warming of the whole body with towels or wrapped hot water bottles, and warming frostbitten tissues carefully with warm water.

If you think your cat has frostbite, take them to a warm room and cover them with a blanket. If you believe they may also have hypothermia, cover a hot water bottle in towels and place them near your cat. Avoid massaging or rubbing your cat to warm them up as this may aggravate their frostbitten skin.

All animals with frostbite require urgent medical attention, so be sure to seek veterinary advice.

2. Keep your cat as dry as possible

If your cat enjoys the outdoors even in the cold, make sure to dry them when they come in from the rain. Try to persuade your cat to come inside and if they do normally return on an evening, make sure to check they are home before you lock the doors.

3. Introduce a shelter for outdoor cats

Cats tend to explore at night. Once their owner goes to bed, outdoor cats without a cat flap can’t get into their warm home until morning. Temperatures are at their lowest in the middle of the night so make sure there is a warm shelter available at all times. If your cat prefers the indoors, make sure they are home and safe before you go to bed.

An outdoor sheltered area such as a shed or an elevated box filled with blankets should keep your pet dry and warm.

If your cat normally comes back home at night and they have been missing or outside for an extended period of time in extreme weather, when they return in the morning take them to the vet for a health check.

4. Give your cat fresh water

Regularly replace your pet’s water as it will freeze in cold weather. Without fresh water, cats will drink from gutters and puddles. These sometimes contain toxic chemicals, especially during winter when antifreeze is regularly used.

5. Check your vehicle before you drive

In cold weather, cats will look for warm spots to sleep in if they don’t want to or can’t get inside their home. They tend to find warmth around car engines, so check under your car and bonnet for any napping cats.

You can lure your cat out from under the car with a toy or treat. If they really don’t want to come inside, leave some food and a blanket under the car and remember to check again later as they may have changed their mind.

6. Be careful with chemicals

When using antifreeze on your vehicle during colder weather, keep the chemical liquid away from pets. Antifreeze can be deadly, and pets that don’t know any better will want to drink it.

If your pet displays the signs of poisoning, which include loss of balance, vomiting and lethargy, seek help from your vet immediately.

7. Keep them active

For cats that are used to heading outside for a wander or a hunt on a daily basis, the cold winter weather can pose a bit of a problem. Cats love warmth and comfort, so many might choose to stay inside more often to avoid winter’s chill. This means their exercise levels will inevitably drop.

Luckily, there are lots of ways you can keep them active inside the house, and it means you get to see a lot more of your feline friends at the same time, which is an added bonus.

You can build in some regular indoor playtime with your cat to make sure they’re getting exercise. Investing in some cat play furniture or playing chasing and hunting games will help with this. Any games that will get your cats jumping around are great ones to try. Invest in a bit of vertical cat furniture such as scratching posts and towers, then encourage them to chase their favourite toys up and down the towers for an extra activity boost.

Chasing and hunting games keep their minds active as well as their bodies. Try hiding their favourite toys underneath furniture, especially the scented ones, so they can seek them out. You can also use a remote-controlled toy such as a mouse or car to get them chasing and running around.

If your cat is food orientated, try moving their food upstairs or placing it on a higher surface. This will keep them occupied as they hunt out their meals and will also keep them active as they move up and down the stairs or jump onto surfaces. Bear in mind their abilities and do not put food anywhere they could not easily reach.

8. Watch their calorie intake

It’s nice to give your cat an edible treat every now and again, but some of these highly processed treats can contribute significantly to weight gain if given too often, especially if your cat is getting less exercise than normal. Try replacing with a catnip toy or their favourite ball to maintain the positive reinforcement without the added calories.

Cats are carnivores meaning their digestive system is built to process a high protein, low carbohydrate diet. To reduce calorie intake, consider a “light” or prescription weight management diet.

You don’t want your cat to over eat, but it is similarly important to check they are eating enough. If your cat seems to be losing their appetite during the colder months, this could be bad news for their health. Check out our video below about how to check if your cat is overweight or too thin.

9. Introduce a new cat or kitten to the family

If your cat is missing his social activities outside during winter, and you have considered getting a second cat before, then why not bring a new cat into the family. This way both cats can socialise together in the safety of the warm indoors.

This might not always be the right option, so it shouldn’t be a decision you make lightly. Cats are social animals, and a new playmate will certainly keep them more active during the winter months and throughout the year. However, cats can also be very territorial which could cause problems when introducing a new cat. Read our blog about integrating new cats for extra tips on how to go about this

10. Keep them safe and comfortable

Most cats love to be warm and cosy, so make sure that they have a warm bed and comfortable cushions to lay on. This will help keep them insulated during the night. If you have an older cat or a short haired breed, you may want to get a bed that can be placed next to the radiator. For a more agile cat, you could even get them a radiator bed to hang from your radiator to give them their own warm, safe space.

Older and short-haired cats are more affected by the cold. Low temperatures can be very painful for pets with arthritis, who may not want to go out. Set up a litter tray indoors for outdoor cats and make private spaces with food and water. This can remove the necessity of going outside. Remember to keep food and litter trays separate, and make sure you have enough feed/litter stations for all of your cats!

 

Keep an eye of your cat’s general mood and health, just like us, cats can feel the downside to cold weather and dark nights. But if you make sure they are dry, properly-fed and comfortable as much as they can be, your cat should be their usual self during the winter months.

If the cold makes your cat under the weather, make sure they are covered with cat insurance for a trip to the vet.

 

Argos Limited is an Appointed Representative of Home Retail Group Insurance Services Limited which is authorised and regulated as an insurance intermediary by the Financial Conduct Authority.

 

References

https://vcahospitals.com/know-your-pet/frostbite-in-cats

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